Higher Edu - Research dev card
Development from the higher education and research community
  • Creation or important update: 16/10/09
  • Minor correction: 20/07/12

elle : numerical simulation of the evolution of rock microstructures

This software was developed (or is under development) within the higher education and research community. Its stability can vary (see fields below) and its working state is not guaranteed.
  • Web site
  • System:
  • Current version: 2.5 - 16/12/2007
  • License(s): GPL
  • Status: validated (according to PLUME), stable release
  • Support: maintained, ongoing development
  • Designer(s): Mark Jessell, Lynn Evans, Paul Bons, Sandra Piazolo, Daniel Khoen
  • Contact designer(s): mark.jessell@ird.fr
  • Laboratory, service: LMTG, Mayence, Aachen, Stockholm, Melbourne, Maine


General software features

Simulation of :

  • grain boundary migration,
  • viscous flow,
  • plasticity,
  • formation and evolution of sub-grains,
  • fracturing,
  • diffusion,
  • partial melts
  • shrinkage cracks
  • metamorphic processes
  • etc…
Context in which the software is used

Research and teaching.

Publications related to the software
  • Becker, J.K. Bons, P.D. Jessell M.W. 2008. A new front-tracking method to model anisotropic grain and phase boundary motion in rocks. Computers & Geosciences 34, 201–212.
  • Becker, J.K., Koehn, D., Walte, N., Jessell, M., Bons, P.D., Passchier, C.W., Evans, L. (2003) Numerical simulation of disequilibrium structures in solid-melt systems during grain growth. Journal of the Virtual Explorer, 11.
  • Biermeyer, C., Stüwe, K. & Barr, T.D. (2001) The rotation of cylindrical objects during simple shear. Journal of Structural Geology, 23, 765-776.
  • Bons, P.D., Jessell, M.W., Evans, L., Barr, T.D. & Stüwe, K. (2000) Modelling of anisotropic grain growth in minerals. In: H.A. Koyi, N.S. Mancktelow, (eds.), Tectonic Modeling: A Volume in Honor of Hans Ramberg, Geological Society of America Memoir 193, 39-49.
  • Bons, P.D., Jessell. M.W., Griera, A., Fay, C., Bell, T.H. and Hobbs, B.E. 2009. Porphyroblast rotation versus nonrotation: Conflict resolution!: COMMENT and REPLY. Geology; 37; no. 2; p. e182-e188.
  • Bons, Paul D.; Koehn, Daniel; Jessell, Mark W. (Eds.) (2008) Microdynamics Simulation. Series: Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences , Vol. 106 406 p. ISBN: 978-3-540-25522-255
  • Durand, G. 2004 Chapter 6 of Unpublished PhD Thesis: "Evolution de la microstructure de la glace le long de la carotte epica (dome concordia), antarctique." entitled "Deformation de la glace et datation des carottages". University of Grenoble.
    Gómez-Rivas, E. 2008. Chapter 5 of PhD Thesis "Localización de deformación en medios dúctiles y anisótropos: estudio de campo, experimental y numérico ". Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. http://www.tdr.cesca.es/TDX-1120108-151236/index_c...
  • Groome, W.G., Johnson, S.E. Koons P.O. 2006. The effects of porphyroblast growth on the effective viscosity of metapelitic rocks: implications for the strength of the middle crust. J. metamorphic Geol., 24, 389–407.
  • Jessell, M.W. & Bons, P.D. (2002) The numerical simulation of microstructure. In: de Meer, S., Drury, M.R., de Bresser, J.H.P. & Pennock, G.M. (eds.) Deformation Mechanisms, Rheology and Tectonics: Current Status and Future Perspectives. Geol. Soc, London, Spec. Publ. 200, 1137-147.
  • Jessell, M.W. (2001) The numerical simulation of microstructures in geological materials. In: Recrystallization and Grain growth, Proceedings of the first joint international conference, G. Gottstein and D. Molodov (editors), Springer Verlag.
    Jessell, M.W., 2004. Grain growth microstructures as indicators of sample evolution, Materials Science Forum, 467-470, 1051-1056.
  • Jessell, M.W., Bons, P.D., Evans, L., Barr, T., Stüwe, K. (2001) Elle: the numerical simulation of metamorphic and deformation microstructures, Computers and Geosciences 27, 17-30.
  • Jessell, M.W., Bons, P.D., Griera, A., Evans, L. & Wilson, C.J.L. 2009. A tale of two viscosities. Journal of Structural Geology 31, 719-736.
  • Jessell, M.W., Bons,P.D., Evans, L. and Piazolo, S., 2004. Numerical experiments into the localization of deformation, Materials Science Forum, 467-470, 647-652.
  • Jessell, M.W., Kostenko, O. & Jamtveit, B. (2003) The preservation potential of microstructures during static grain growth J. Metamorphic Geol., 21, 481–491.
  • Jessell, M.W., Siebert, E., Bons, P.D., Evans, L. & Piazolo, S. 2005. A new type of numerical experiment on the spatial and temporal patterns of localization of deformation in a material with a coupling of grain-size and rheology. EPSL. In press.
    Jessell, M.W., The Characteristic Geometries of Mineral Zonation. J. Virtual Explorer 11, 2003.
  • Kellermann Slotemaker, A. de Bresser J.H.P. 2006. On the role of grain topology in dynamic grain growth — 2D microstructural modelling. Tectonophysics 427, 73–93.
  • Koehn, D. Malthe-Sorenssen, A. Passchier, C.W. 2006. The structure of reactive grain-boundaries under stress containing confined fluids, Chemical Geology, Volume 230, Issues 3-4, Physics and Chemistry of Confined Fluids, 22 June, Pages 207-219.
  • Koehn, D., Renard, F., Toussaint, R., Passchier, C.W. (2007) Growth of stylolite teeth patterns depending on normal stress and finite compaction. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 257, 582-595.
  • Koehn,D., Arnold,J., Jamtveit,B., Malthe-Sørenssen, A. (2003). Instabilities in stress corrosion and the transition to brittle failure.American Journal of Science, 303, 956–971.
  • Koehn,D., J. Arnold, Fracturing in Polycrystalline Materials, J. Virtual Explorer 11, 2003.
  • Koehn,D., Jochen Arnold, Bjørn Jamtveit, Anders Malthe-Sørenssen. Free Surface Dissolution of Stressed Solids. J. Virtual Explorer 11, 2003.
  • Park, Y., Dal Park, Lynn Evans, Jin-Han Ree. An Elle-based 2-D model for cation exchange reaction between garnet and biotite. J. Virtual Explorer 11, 2003.
  • Piazolo, S., Bons, P.D., Jessell, M.W., L. Evans, Passchier, C.W., (2002) Dominance of Microstructural Processes and their effect o­n microstructural development: Insights from Numerical Modelling of dynamic recrystallization, Geological Society of London, Special Publications, 200, 149-170.
  • Piazolo, S., Jessell, M. J., Prior, D. J., Bons, P. D. (2004) The integration of experimental in-situ EBSD observations and numerical simulations: a novel technique of microstructural process analysis. Journal of Microscopy, 213, 273-284
  • Piazolo, S., Jessell, M.W., Bons, P.D. & Evans, L. (2001) Animations of dynamic recrystallization with the numerical modelling system Elle. Journal of the Virtual Explorer Volume 3.
  • Piazolo, S., Jessell,M.W., Bons, P.D., Evans, L. (2001) Numerical modelling of dynamic recrystallization in geomaterials, ceramics and metals, in Gottstein and Molodov: Recrystallization and Grain Growth, Proceedings of the first Joint International Conference of Recrystallization and Grain Growth, Aachen, 981-986.
  • Tenczer, V., Stüwe, K. & Barr, T.D. (2001) Pressure anomalies around cylindrical objects in simple shear. Journal of Structural Geology, 23, 777-788.


New theme leader

Previous theme leader : Jean-Luc Archimbaud. Teresa Gomez-Diaz is the new one since May 2012.